Foresight is the good habit of looking ahead and anticipating the various scenarios and consequences which are likely to occur after a man takes action on a decision. The man with Foresight marshals his intellect and imagination in a disciplined way to play out likely outcomes, consider their impact, and modify his plans to have the best probability of success.

The vice opposing Foresight is to be Short-sighted, the bad habit of being unwilling due to ignorance or laziness to attempt to look ahead and anticipate predictable reactions to his decisions. The Short-sighted man often has regrets for when his plans fail to work out as he hoped, he realizes that he might have anticipated what he failed to take into account.